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11th Global Healthcare and Fitness Summit

San Francisco, USA

Tamami Hamada

Tamami Hamada

Asahikawa Medical University, Japan

Title: Identifying Symptoms Experienced by Patients with Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers Receiving Standard Therapies – Report from Japan

Biography

Biography: Tamami Hamada

Abstract

Statement of the Problem: Standard therapies have made it possible for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) to expect to survive for longer periods. However, there remain problems related to maintaining balance between the burdens of symptoms accompanying treatment and the quality of life (QOL) during the treatment because chemotherapies and biotherapy tend to cause new symptoms. This study will describe symptoms experienced by advanced stage (IIIB or IV)NSCLC patients and the interference experienced in daily life with standard therapies.
 
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: The study is a prospective observation study using a qualitative descriptive design. Prospective participants were 30–80 years of age with advanced stage (IIIB or IV) NSCLC undergoing standard therapies. Patients with cognitive impairment or severe pain were excluded. Semi-structured interviews were conducted twice: at the baseline and four weeks later. An interviewer encouraged participants to talk freely about any symptoms they experienced. The narratives were recorded on a digital voice recorder, with permission, and descriptive analysis and content analysis were
performed.
 
Findings: Eight patients expressed consent to participate and be interviewed. Of these, six were interviewed a second time. Participants reported 33 different symptoms (mean 10.8) at the first interview, and 23 (mean 9.1) at the second, showing some relationships among symptoms, although common symptoms and personal symptoms were included. Interference with daily life varies among participants, but commonly hindered hobbies and walking.
 
Conclusion & Significance: Patients with advanced NSCLC receiving standard therapies experienced multiple symptoms,suffering from increased interferences in daily life and poor QOL without effective alleviation. The findings suggest that it is important for health care professionals to identify multiple symptoms working closely with patients, find effective measures to
ease the burden of symptoms due to treatment, and assist patients to prevent deterioration of QOL.