Universidad Autonoma de Ciudad Juarez, Mexico
Title: The role of nursing in the health education of the mennonites from the symbolic interactionism approach
Biography: Patricia Islas Salinas
Introduction: This work derives from an ethnographic qualitative research; and its object of study is the health education to persons belonging to the Mennonite culture, as well as these persons’ be- liefs and perceptions on the health-illness process. From the data analysis, a need surges to explore the relationship between the Mennonite users and the nursing staff at the health centers of the coloured community in Cuauhtemoc, Chihuahua, México. Objective: To show the importance of nursing as a health education agent for different cultures. The interaction nurse-patient-family as proposed from the Joan Riehl Sisca nursing model is considered as the central core. Method: Study with a phenomenological qualitative focus. Data were obtained by means of in- depth interviews to nurses and the analysis of the field diaries of nursing students in their clinical practice at the gynecology and obstetrics city hospital. The categories found allowed a description of the participants’ perceptions about treating patients from a different culture. The validation criteria was confirmed by triangulation of the reliability and confirmability data. Results: The analyzed data are shown through two categories: 1) lack of knowledge of the Men- nonite culture and 2) desire to offer holistic care. Conclusions: Students and nursing staff referred that when they achieve an understanding of the Mennonite cosmos-vision, they get a high degree of satisfaction for the offered care and they discover a sense of high self-efficacy.