St. Elizabeth University of Health and Social Work | Slovakia
Title: Neurosurgical operations by visualization and 3D printing
Biography: Miron Sramka
A new Virtual Reality device has given new possibilities for a 3D imagination in the planning and treatment of various diseases. 3D printing method helps determine which surgery or modality radiation is optimal. 3D printing technology helps to make of prostheses, assistive devices, production of hearing aids, prostheses, nose, ears, eyes, teeth, breast reconstruction of bone substitutes. Method of 3D printing cells (bioprinting) also helps in treating skin injuries and regenerative medicine in which the patient's stem cells form filling printers. We used the 3D printers especially for tumor irradiation near the critical structures for better imagination during the planning treatment at radiosurgery. In this case we can better visualize for neurosurgeons some 3D objects of interest. The history of Virtual Reality (VR) began in the 90s of the last century. Technology Research Company Gartner forecasted mass use of VR after 2010. Company Oculus Rift designed prototype Oculus Rift DK in 2010 and later in 2013 Oculus Rift VR. Company HTC with Valve Corporation announced their virtual reality headset HTC Vive in 2015 and was distributed in 2016, which is the second most widely used VR model today.
Both models Oculus Rift VR and HTC Vive we have successfully implemented in the projects focused on the mapping natural curiosities. The experiences of these VR devices we now apply for neurosurgical planning in which we use software system TomoCon and our NeuroVR system. We used 3D printing in neuro-oncology with radiosurgical planning performance. With the 3D model printing, we increased the accuracy of the therapeutic dose and at the same time we calculated the lowest dose to risk structures. 3D printing method helps determine which modality radiation is optimal. For operations of the eye’s melanoma we created a set of 3D physical models of the eye and tumour.
- Šramka M et al. (2016) The possibilities of 3D printing in Surgery. Health in social work. 3:15-20.
- Šramka M, Ružický E (2016) Possibilities in 3D Printing by Radiosurgical Operations. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 4:18-22.
- Furdova A, Sramka M, Chorvath M, Kralik G, Krasnik V, Krcova I, Waczulikova I (2014) Stereotactic radiosurgery in intraocular malignant melanoma – retrospective study. Neuroendocrinol Lett 1:28–36.
- Ruzicky E, Šramka M (1995) Mathematical methods using CT and MR images for stereotactic neurosurgery. Molecular and Chemical Neuropathology 25:247–254.
- Ružický E, (2015) Formalization of user interaction with virtual expert resource of knowledge type via ontological modeling. Information technology applications. 1:33-43.