Day 1 :
Jackson State University, USA
Time : 09:30-10:15
Anthony R Mawson has completed his MA from University of Essex, England and Doctor of Public Health from Tulane University School of Public Health & Tropical Medicine. He is a Professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Jackson State University, Jackson, Mississippi, USA, and he is
the President of Chalfont LLC, a medical research and development company in Jackson, MS.
Pressure ulcers are a major complication of spinal cord injury (SCI) and often develop despite frequent repositioning. This paper describes the development of a new hypothesis on the cause of pressure ulcers and its development into a novel, sensor-driven electronic device for their treatment and prevention. A prospective study carried out to determine the history of early-occurring pressure ulcers among patients with SCI admitted to the former Charity Hospital, New Orleans showed, as expected, that duration of immobilization prior to ward admission was a significant risk factor. However, the strongest risk factors were low systolic blood pressure and low partial pressure of oxygen at the time of admission to the emergency department. Poor circulatory function thus appeared to be a more important cause of ischemic injury and resultant ulcers than external pressure. These findings suggested that maintaining adequate tissue perfusion was the key to treatment and prevention. A new method was thus conceived of continuously monitoring tissue oxygenation at areas of high risk, combined with using therapeutic electrical stimulation to increase blood flow and raise tissue oxygenation when the level dropped below a set point. In subsequent research, tissue oxygenation at the sacrum was found to be lower in patients with SCI than in controls; furthermore, high voltage pulse galvanic stimulation (HVPGS) at 75 Hz applied to the back of patients with SCI lying supine increased transcutaneous oxygenation levels at the sacral area into the normal range within 10 minutes. A method has since been patented for automating and performing this task, called COMAS (Cutaneous Oxygen Monitoring and Stimulation) and discussions are underway to develop and manufacture the device
Politehnica University of Timisoara, Romania
Time : 10:15-11:00
Corneliu Bob has graduated at the University Politehnica of Timisoara,Romania in 1961 and PhD civil engineering in 1971 at the same University. In 1990 he became professor of R C structures and completed his PhD as scientific coordinator at the civil engineering from faculty in Timisoara. From 1996 till 2004 he was the head of the National Building Research Institute, Timisoara. He has also been very active in the Romanian Associations for Civil Engineering as National Association Engineering for Structural Analysis, Bucharest, Romanian Concrete Commission, Romanian Academy of Material Science. Since 1992, he became the member in the permanent committee as a chairman of the IABSE romanian group and member of the SED editorial board
The construction industry is one of the biggest polluter from the process of extracting the raw materials to the demolition process of the existing constructions. The building and construction industry uses 40% of the materials entering the global economy, consumes approximately 50% of the total energy supply and contributes with almost 50% to the total CO 2 emissions .This represent really a problem of the healthcare. Waste management encompasses the collection, transporting, storage, treatment, recovery and disposal of waste. There are only same of the countries highlighted waste management as one of the criteria of sustainability.
The aim of the present plenary speech is to underline the efficiency of the construction recycling. The main themes are: importance of construction recycling; experimental determinations; construction recycling properties. On the other hand, two important themes, with implication on efficient technology, are presented: a proper sustainability model and a quantitative appreciation of reinforcement corrosion.
The main advantages of the sustainability model are: cover the three dimensions of sustainability, includes only quantitative parameters (energy, materials, cost, manpower, waste, dust, noise, main strength etc.), flexibility of solutions and so on. The quantitative model of reinforcement corrosion gives a formula for average depth of carbonation or chloride penetration. These themes help specialists to choice proper materials as construction recycling
- Healthcare and Innovation| Healthcare & Technology | Healthcare and Public Health | Healthcare and Mental Health | Healthcare Information Technology
Location: Beech Suite
Living Lab: The co-creation technique
Baneen Alhmoud has completed her graduation from the College of Nursing, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. She has worked and specialized in Cardiac Nursing as a Surgery Waiting List Manager. Later on, she went to the UK to study Health Informatics and obtained a Master’s Degree from Swansea University. She has done a volunteer work as a Health Informatics Specialist. After that, she went back to Swansea University to pursue PhD in Health Informatics, especially Medical E-learning where she is currently working on her research
Introduction: E-Learning is a widely-used method which has recently been expanding in healthcare settings. The use of technology to deliver and support learning has been utilised in continuous medical education for health professionals’ in developed countries, and recently in Saudi Arabia. It has shown great success in improving medical education in numerous projects around the world, despite the challenges in adopting digital learning tools in professionals’ workplaces. In Saudi Arabia, continuous medical education is facing many hindrances in its quality and effectiveness. Despite the promising future of e-learning in Saudi, this change could be faced with more evolving challenges. The healthcare development in Saudi Arabia has gone through a great transformation, where the most recent digital advancements have taken place, yet E-learning for professionals has only recently begun. This study will focus on reviewing the transformation of medical education and E-learning in Saudi Arabia, and the relevant challenges reported.
Methodology: This paper includes a review of the current stand of medical education in Saudi and the introduction of E-learning in the healthcare field. This will highlight the witnessed effectiveness of e-learning and explore the challenges experienced and that will believably evolve when continuous medical education takes a digital approach.
Results: The synthesis of the review demonstrates an effectiveness of E-learning in improving professionals’ knowledge in at least a similar effect as traditional learning, yet applicability of this learning in everyday practice is still questioned. It also shows that speciality-focused e-learning tools are likely to provide desired results for learners. Among the challenges facing medical
E-learning in Saudi are the requirements for effective reliable assessment of needs, the quality of learning contents, and the maturity level in the technological background and the infrastructure in healthcare settings.
Discussion and conclusion: The transformation of Saudi healthcare exhibits the rapid growth of healthcare technology adoption and thus it is expected to witness more e-learning projects that switch traditional CME delivery to ‘paperless’. There is an obvious technology-positivism view in developing that area, which shows a great ambition, but in apparent need of guidance. It is important to realize the lack of experience and the immature infrastructure when implementing E-learning in the healthcare field. Looking at successful international examples would be very constructive in managing challenges observed and anticipating possible future ones. E-learning in Saudi healthcare settings needs to be studied widely to construct a foundation of knowledge to refer to. The further plan is to study the adoption of healthcare professionals of a newly implemented e-learning in a specialized hospital, to investigate an unexplored area in the fast-growing field in Saudi Arabia.
Saxion University of Applied Sciences, Netherland
Time : 12:50-13:20
Ingrid ten Haken has completed her graduation in Educational Technology at the University of Twente, The Netherlands. After her graduation, she worked many years on Curriculum Development and Quality Management at the Saxion University of Applied Sciences, School of Health. Since 2014, she is a Member of the Research Group Technology, Health and Care and is working on her PhD research project
The number of medical technologies used in home settings has increased substantially over the last 10–15 years. In order to manage their use and to guarantee quality and safety, data on trends and practical experiences are important. We conducted a literature review on these topics regarding the use of advanced medical technologies (AMTs) at home. We focused on technologies that are part of the technical skills and hands on by nurses, excluding information technology such as domotica. The review was performed by searching the databases MEDLINE, Scopus and Cinahl, included papers from 2000-2015 and articles containing empirical material. Research on AMTs used at home has increased considerably until 2015. We identified 87 relevant articles, 62% was published in the period 2011–2015. Of the included studies, 45% considered devices for respiratory support, 39% devices for dialysis and 29% devices for oxygen therapy. Most research has been conducted on the topic user experiences (36%), mainly regarding patients or informal caregivers. Much is already known on topics, such as user experiences; safety, risks, incidents and complications; and design and technological development. Nurses have a key role in supporting patients and family caregivers in the process of homecare with AMTs and in providing information for multi-disciplinary teams. However, we identified a lack of research exploring the views of nurses with regard to AMTs for homecare, such as user experiences of nurses with different technologies, training, instruction and education of nurses and human factors by nurses in risk management and patient safety
University of Exeter, United Kingdom
Time : 14:00-14:30
Dhaifallah Muways Alotaibi has completed his graduation from the National University of Science and Technology, as a Mechanical Engineer. Recently, he has been studying (MSc) Mechanical Engineering with Management at Exeter University, and is continuing his research in Renewable Energy
Neom, a $500 billion megacity in Saudi Arabia is planned to be constructed in the border between this country and Egypt, to host a large population. This megacity is going to be built to embrace new technologies and lifestyle for the young population of this country. One of the main aims of proposing this green city is to fully supply its energy from the renewable sources such as solar power. Therefore, recently the 200 GW solar power plant has been signed off for supplying the energy requirements for the country. But one of the main users of the electrical energy is the hospitals, for which these solar plants need to have sustainable supply of electricity. The main purpose of this research is to analyze the technical possibilities of using fully green technologies for a conceptual hospital framework. In order to achieve this framework, different disciplines including the power supply, waste disposal and energy wastage are going to be evaluated for the purpose of constructing a conceptual sustainable hospital in the new city of Neom by considering its geographical location, climate conditions, transport facilities and the demand analyses based on the population demographic data. In this study, a combination of three renewable energy sources; solar, biomass, and wind turbine energy are evaluated by using the HOMER Pro software, to fully supply the required power of this modern city
National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics,Romania
Time : 14:30-15:00
Florea Scarlat has completed his graduation as a Physicist Engineer from the Faculty of Electronics and Telecommunications at the Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Romania. Later on he obtained his PhD in Nuclear Techniques at the Institute of Atomic Physics of the State Committee for Nuclear Energy with subjects “Contributions to the development of the magnetic induction electron circular accelerator for radiotherapy use”. He was the Scientific Director at the Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering Bucharest, Magurele and Director of the Romanian-English joint venture GEC Romanian Nuclear Limited, Leicester, England. Then he was a fulltime Professor of Physics at Valahia State University of Targoviste. He was elected Member of the New York Academy of Sciences and Corresponding Member of the Romanian-American Academy. Presently, he is a Consultant Manager at STARDOOR Laboratory at the National Institute for Lasers, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Magurele
In this paper after mentioning the clinical radiation fields of 20 keV–450 MeV/u, they are characterized by the number of particles and their energy. Particle energy is the quantity that determines radiation penetration at the depth at which the tumor is situated. The number of particles (or beam intensity) is the second major quantity that assures the administration of the absorbed dose in the tumor. The first application shows the radiation levels planned for various radiation fields. Prior to interacting with the medium, the intensity (or energy fluence rate) allows the determination of energy density, energy, power and relativistic force. In the interaction process, it determines the absorbed dose, kerma and exposure. Non-ionizing radiations in the EM spectrum are used as negative energy waves to accelerate particles loaded into special installations called particle accelerators. The particles extracted from the accelerator are the source of the corpuscular radiation for high-energy radiotherapy. Of these, light particle beams (electrons and photons) for radiotherapy are generated by betatron, linac and microtron, and heavy particle beams (protons and heavy ions) are generated by cyclotron, isochronous cyclotron, synchrocyclotron and synchrotron. The ionization dosimetry method used is the ionization chamber for both indirectly ionizing radiation (photons and neutrons) and for directly ionizing radiation (electrons, protons and carbon ions). Because the necessary energies for hadrons therapy are relatively high, 50–250 MeV for protons and 100–450 MeV/u for carbon ions, the alternative to replace non-ionizing radiation with relativistic laser radiation for generating clinical corpuscular radiation through radiation pressure acceleration mechanism (RPA) is presented
Superintendencia de Salud, Chile
Pedro Olivares Tirado has completed his graduation from the University of Chile as Medical Doctor, with the specialty in Abdominal Surgery and Diploma in Digestive Laparoscopic Surgery from the University of Paris, Faculty of Medicine Paris France. Later on he obtained MBA from Civil Industrial Engineering Department, University of Chile and MSc in Health Economics from University of York, UK and PhD in Human Care Sciences from the University of Tsukuba, Japan. After 2000, he started working at the Research & Development Department of the Chilean Superintendence of Health, where he became a Senior Researcher and has continued his research focused in ageing population and his impact in healthcare spending, quality of life and well-being of the elderly people. Recently, he has been invited as an Academic Visitor to the PSSRU-London School Economics and Political Sciences to participate in the MODEM Project
Statement of the Problem: Empirical evidence suggests that the stability of personality itself contributes to successful ageing and is associated with a longer life. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between personality traits and the self-perceived health status (SPH), stratified by medical conditions in a representative sample of non-institutionalized elderly people in Chile.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: The data used come from the fourth waves (2009) of the Chilean Social Protection Survey. The samples were 2,655 subjects aged 65 and over. Personality trait was measured with the TIPI Questionnaire and SPH, was assessed with a Likert-scale item question based on EU-SILC question on self-perceived health. SPH variable was aggregated into two categories: good health (i.e., excellent, very good and good) and poor health (i.e., poor and very poor). Fair category was excluded. MANOVA was used for statistical analysis.
Findings: Higher scores of all 5-personality factors were associated with good health. Perception of poor health was associated with female, lower education level and aged people. Extraversion, conscientiousness, emotional stability and openness, showed a significant associations with SPH, among elderly with medical conditions. Conversely, a significant association with SPH among elderly without medical problems, was demonstrated for, extraversion, agreeableness and emotional stability.
Conclusion & Significance: A consistent association between personality factors and SPH throughout the elderly people was demonstrated. We suggest that extraversion and openness traits could be acting as protector factors and agreeableness and conscientiousness traits as resilient factors, facing to the health problems among elderly people
National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan
Chun Liang Lin has completed his graduation from the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan. Presently he is working in the Department of Electrical Engineering at National Chung Hsing University with many years of teaching experience. He has submitted several journal articles which are not only related to electrical vehicle but also biomedical engineering. Nowadays, his research focuses on the application of the concept of IoT (Internet of Things) on health care
This study proposes a smart wireless wide area network for mobile health care with high security. The connection system can be divided into two parts. (i) To protect personal safety, electrocardiogram (ECG) identification system (E-IDS) is proposed, which mainly aims to capture the user's ECG signal and extract the features from them to identify users through one-lead ECG measuring instrument. In the identification of personal identity, the system will also detect the heart rate of user, and provide the suggestion for the user's physiological activities and precautions. Furthermore, the ECG biometric authentication system can even pair the identity of smart watch and the identity of user together to make the system know the current identity of user. (ii) Smart wireless wide area network system (SW-WANS) enables internet-of-things (IoT) architecture to be implemented in mobile health care without relying on paid networks, and is suitable for outdoor installation when things are connected to the SW-WANS. In addition, it does not need to be paired such as a Bluetooth device; neither does it need complicated settings like Wi-Fi. With the designed sports watch, it also has the ability to detect the closest antenna to make the user know the relative position in a specific area, and heart rate data can also be uploaded at any time..
Melissa Buultjens BHSc (Hons), BMid graduated with her PhD in the Faculty of Health Sciences in 2013. She is currently a Senior Lecturer in the School of Psychology and Public Health at La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia. Melissa combines her academic pursuits with her clinical practice as a midwife. Her research has predominately involved outcomes of perinatal care, whilst most recently she has developed a special interest in improving service provision and supportive care with the inclusion of smartphone technology
The antenatal period is a transitional time for parents-to-be, presenting various opportunities to maximise women’s health literacy and wellbeing. In spite of this, there are numerous maternal morbidities associated with pregnancy and childbirth, and while not all are necessarily life-threatening, they can have a significant impact on a woman’s quality of life. This can include both clinical (e.g. incontinence and gestational diabetes) and psychosocial impairment (e.g. depression and parenting self-efficacy), often resulting in long-term chronic morbidities. This substantiates the rationale for a review of antenatal care and education, or more broadly, how we can target and address potentially modifiable risk factors. Finally, a holistic maternity model will be presented with a focus on multidisciplinary service provision in maternity care to provide proactive, rather than reactive support to childbearing women
Niigata University, Japan
Kayo Shichiri has completed her graduation in Psychology from Rikkyo University. She started working as Clinical Psychologist at the Department of Psychiatry, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences. Later she obtained her PhD from the National University of Niigata. Presently, she is working at the Health Administration Center, Headquarters for Health Administration and Environmental Safety, Niigata University, specializing in Adolescent Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Mental Health, Psychopathology, and Psychological Diagnostics. She has continued her research conscientiously and earnestly at the aforementioned school and concentrated her effort on Mental Health Counseling for students and teaching staff at Niigata University
In our article about the defensive functioning scale (DFS) proposed in the 4th edition of the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV), we attempted to quantify this scale by summing scores of seven defense levels based on individual defense mechanisms. To further explore and verify this scale, we tried to compare DFS and Beck’s depression inventory (BDI). A total of 100 physically and mentally healthy university students participated in this study. There were 51 males and 49 females. We investigated their developmental level using DFS, and measured BDI. Then we compared the relationships between DFS and BDI scores. We compared male and female results, too. All participants average age was 19.5±0.7 (male 19.6±0.6, female 19.4±0.7). Average score of DFS was 656.5±96.0 (male 656.9±94.1, female 656.1±98.8) and average score of BDI was 12.6±9.4 (male 11.2±8.9, female 14.0±9.8).We examined Spearman’s rank correlations between DFS and BDI scores, and compared male and female student’s scores. The results indicated statistically significant correlations in only male students, but not female students. The findings suggest that there is a gender specific factor in relationships between DFS score and BDI scores. Male and female differences were elucidated in our previous study
Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom
Grahame Smith is a Mental Health Nursing Academic and a Reader in Participatory Engagement in Mental Health. He is also a subject Head at the School of Nursing and Allied Health from Liverpool John Moores University. In addition, he is the Centre Lead for the Centre for Collaborative Innovation in Dementia, an accredited health living lab–European Network of Living Labs (ENoLL). His specific interests include living well with dementia, user-centric innovation (health) and living lab.
Bibha Simkhada has background in Adult Nursing (RGN) with PhD in Public Health. She is working as a researcher at the Liverpool John Moores University working in the Centre for Collaborative Innovation in Dementia, which is an accredited Living Lab (European Network of Living Labs) in the UK. She has key role in different research activities around health innovation especially on living lab. Her research interest includes Dementia, Mental health, Health Innovation, Health Inequalities, and lifestyle