Abdulla Alalool is a third-year medical student at the college of medicine, in the university of Sharjah, UAE.
Background-The health impacts of traffic congestion and long driving hours have lately grown to become a principal worldwide driving-related concern. Recently, the UAE has been titled ‘The most congested country in the Middle East’; and Sharjah, the third largest city in the UAE, is known for its rush-hours; with its residents constantly spending long commuting hours in slow-moving traffic. The purpose of the study was to detect the health effects associated with driving in congested traffic, and long driving hours among Sharjah residents.
\r\n\r\nMethods-The sample was chosen based on convenience among Sharjah residents, specifically drivers (>18 years of age) holding a drivers permit. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed and completed by 414 participants, and a Descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted.
\r\n\r\nResults-Out of 414 participants, 66.7% agreed that they spend way too much time driving, and 86.5% agreed that they suffer from traffic congestion in Sharjah. The average Sharjah resident drives 3 hours and 10 mins per day; significantly higher than the worldwide average (p<0.0005). Traffic congestion lead to greater emotional health effects; mostly stress (80.4%) and aggressiveness (52.2%), whereas long driving hours lead to greater physical health effects; mostly back pain (66.8%) and pain in the legs (56.7%). Limitation of daily activities among Sharjah residents was the main consequence of repeated exposure to traffic congestion (81.2%), and long driving hours (65.7%).
\r\n\r\nConclusion-Exposure to traffic congestion and long driving hours correlates with a wide range of physical and emotional health distresses; each having its own respective provoking factors.
Lulwa Refaat Al Mazrou has been graduated from King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from Collage of Medicine as a Medical Doctor at the year 2015. She has conducted two researches during her collage years, which were done in two governmental hospitals in Riyadh.rn She has a Certificate of International Computer Driving License ICDL and Certificate of IELTS from British counsel with 6.5 score. She Completed the BLS and ACLScourse that was held at King Khaled University Hospital (2015). rn
Introduction: The negative physical and emotional impact of acne on pregnant women has been neglected in the literature and in pre-natal programs in Saudi Arabia.
rnrnObjectives: The purpose of this study is to estimate the rate of prevalence of acne during pregnancy in Saudi Arabia. A secondary objective is to explore the association between acne and gender of the fetus.
rnrnMethodology: A Multicenter cross-sectional pilot study was conducted in some public and private health establishments in Riyadh. Pregnant women attending the antenatal clinics in the period of data collection (22 June - 3 July, 2014) were invited to participate by answering a self-administered questionnaire in Arabic language. The sample size calculation revealed that 322 participants were needed. The data was analyzed using SPSS, p-value of <0.05 and 95% CI were considered statistically significant.
rnrnResults: The prevalence rate of acne during pregnancy is 40.3 %. More than one quarter of acne started to appear at the first trimester. Baby boy were associated with acne flare or exacerbation in 62% of cases p<0.001.
rnrnConclusion: This study is the first of its kind to relate acne prevalence to pregnancy in the Kingdom. The rate of 40.3% is similar to other International study results. Also, it showed an association with fetal male gender (62%) having acne during pregnancy in contrast with other studies.