Day 2 :
Y Alfoteih has obtained his PhD in Environmental Biology from the University of Hohenheim, Germany and did his Post-Doctoral Research in Epidemiology at Newcastle University, Institute of Cellular and Medical Sciences. He has worked across many universities in Syria and UAE as an Assistant Professor and has also worked as a Consultant in industry. He has published in many international journals and has presented and chaired sessions at national and international conferences. He is presently serving as the Chair of the School of Public Health and Health Sciences at Canadian University Dubai, UAE.
Smoking tobacco is known to increase morbidity and mortality worldwide. Water pipe tobacco smoking is becoming a remarkable phenomenon in the GCC countries. Moreover, this habit shows a continual proliferation pattern related to the fact that the number of smokers and the number of shisha places are increased sharply. While teens have become more addicted to shisha due their new lifestyle, some adult use shisha during their business meetings and negotiations. The clinical data has apparently addressed the drastic impact of smoking on human health, while the impact of pathogens of shisha (itself) is not properly studied. This study aims at examining the risk of bacterial and fungal transmission through frequent or/and repeated usage of same water pipe by different smokers in public cafes. Furthermore, this study will recommend the best practices to eliminate pathogenic infection. 110 samples were collected from different cafes in Dubai and Ajman cities in the time period between Nov. 2016 and Feb. 2017. Bacterial and fungal strains were examined using standard protocol of culturing, isolating and identifying microorganism. In addition, the resistance of isolated bacteria to common antibiotics was determined by the mean of antibiotic susceptibility test of each isolate. Six bacterial strains have been detected which are Pseudomonas putida, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Pantoea agglomerans, Bacillus cereus and Providencia alcalifaciens. One of the most important finding of the current study is the isolated bacteria Staphylococcus saprophyticus which showed methicillin resistance. This makes the current study of clinical importance for health promotion and awareness.
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
Seow Ta Wee has his expertise in environmental management, he has 16 years teaching, research and consultation experience. He has completed his PhD in Environmental Management from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). His research interest is in field of environmental management, solid waste management, safety and health management, community Development, regional transformation development, urban and rural development & environment, housing, social science, construction sociology and construction waste management. He supervise more than 30 post graduate students included post-doctoral.
All activities in solid waste management involve risk, either to the worker directly involved, or to the nearby resident. Risks occur at every step in the process, from the point where residents handle wastes in the home for collection or recycling, to the point of ultimate disposal. This paper discusses both occupational health risks to workers and environmental health risks to residents and workers. In developing countries, workers and waste pickers handling solid waste throughout the world are exposed to occupational health and accident risks related to the content of the materials they are handling, emissions from those materials, and the equipment being used. People living and working in the vicinity of solid waste processing and disposal facilities also are exposed to environmental health and accident risks. These risks relate to the emissions from the solid wastes, the pollution control measures used to manage these emissions, and the overall safety of the facility. As with occupational risks, these risks are being substantially managed in high-income countries, but are still largely unmanaged in most developing countries. In developing countries, the health-related underpinnings of solid waste management still need to be addressed. In developing countries, while the per capita quantities of wastes and labor costs are low, the costs of providing solid waste management (even at their current lower standard of operation) are not proportionately low. Equipment capital costs and fuel costs in low-income countries are comparable to those in high-income countries, and sometimes are higher because of importation costs and currency exchange variations. To overcome safety and health issues of solid waste management in developing countries, governance needed to have efficient planning for short term, long term and special program for waste picker toward sustainable development in solid waste management at national level.