Day 1 :
Vienna General Hospital, Austria
Keynote: Health care safety and not only patient safety: A new approach at the vienna general hospital
Time : 10:00-10:50
Leopold-Michael Marzi has worked in Austrian Army from 1980 to 1981. Leopold-Michael Marzi has graduated from Law School in Vienna. Present Leopold-Michael. Marzi is working as the Head of Department for Critical Events and Prevention in the Medical Board of the Vienna General Hospital, Austria
We should use the word health care safety instead of patient safety, because in case of malpractice the people who are in charge of treatment of patients can be a second victim. Very often health professionals do not know how to react in case of malpractice or emergency from a legal point of view. The patient or his family contacts a lawyer immediately, but who helps the health professionals to cope with the case? The Vienna General Hospital (VGH) is one of the biggest in the world. In 1999 the project risk management was initiated by the legal department. The aim at this time was minus 50% concerning cases and more than 50% less costs in the next 10 years (2000-2010). 2010 the aim was reached and the positive trend is still continuing, but how did it work? The VGH in cooperation with the Vienna Insurance Group created a complete new form of quick help in case of emergency the so-called legal emergency kit. It represents a handy plastic case on which a paragraph is stamped. A special checklist tells what to do in case of legal emergency. The legal practitioner of the VGH can be called at any time via mobile phone. The malpractice cases are analyzed in a Retrospective Damage Analysis (RDA), which helps to avoid errors and damages in the future. The specific impetus for instituting RDA was that two nearly identical malpractice cases occurred in the years 1993 and 1998 in two different departments of the hospital. The RDA helps both the legal department and clinical departments to learn from errors and to direct appropriate measures for improvement. Every hospital could use the LEK and the RDA with a few modifications.
Technical University of Madrid, Spain
Keynote: Advantages and disadvantages of static and dynamic postures of Qigong as a traditional and alternative complementary medicine
Time : 11:10-12:00
Pedro Jesus Jimenez Martin is an Academic Secretary of the Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain, Full Professor, Doctor in Physical Education, Director of the research project, Oriental Physical Culture and Traditional and Complementary Medicine, Lecturer in
Psychology of Physical Activity and Sport. He was also the Secretary of the Spanish Association of Social Research applied to Sport (2008-2012), Expert Advisor to the Real Madrid Foundation for the designing of value education programs using physical activity and sport (2008-2016). He is also the author of the books Qigong y Medicina en la China Tradicional, Yi Jin Jing and Chikung Tai Chi System.
Qigong was officially adopted in China in 1949 under the influence of the communist party to designate a set of traditional physical health practices that goes back to China’s early history. Currently, it represents a generic term to designate a heterogeneous set of more than 5,000 activities with therapeutic, physical-sports, recreational, martial, religious, cultural, spiritual and even esoteric aims, each with its own objectives, methods and benefits for the practitioners. Qigong is commonly divided into static and dynamic forms. Static forms contain meditation techniques whereas dynamic forms afford bodily movements. The purpose of this presentation is to outline our opinion on the advantages and limitations of the postures, static or dynamic dimensions as a Traditional and Complementary Medicine (TCM). The ideas set out in this study are based on the practical experience in this area and have been complemented with the contents of different articles. Healthy people could obtain more health benefits from dynamic practices than from static practices and from standing positions than from sitting or lying positions. In the case of people with physical and/or cognitive limitations or who suffer from some illness, it is necessary to investigate what posture, practice time and combination of static and dynamic activity is the most suitable for their needs. The use of Qigong as a TCM raises the debate as to how to take advantage of these practices as a resource, not as an end in themselves and the need to take advantage of modern technological and scientific advances to verify the effectiveness of their approaches. Qigong needs to compare, select, adapt and modify the postures and techniques to make them accessible to people of any age, with physical or mental limitations or pathologies to take maximum advantage of its benefits.