Day 1 :
Nursing/Children Specialist Hospital Saudi Arabia
Time : 09:00-09:35
He done research on Qualitative research and its uses in health care (2008),Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. Nursing in Saudi Arabia: Evolution or Revolution (2009), Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.Obeid Al Rashoud , Nursing Director.
Introduction: Saudi Arabia being the largest country in the GCC is experiencing rapid growth and development in the healthcare sector. The increased demand for qualified nursing workforce has led to the recruitment of overseas qualified nurses (OQN) to match the healthcare sector demand and contribute to exchange of knowledge and experiences with local nurses. However, differences in culture, customs and language are expected to have an impact on the effectiveness and quality of life of OQN in Saudi Arabia.
Aim: To explore the factors associated with professional and personal challenges facing the OQNs in Saudi Arabia for ultimately formulating a set of recommendations to be employed first in ministry of health hospitals than in private hospitals in Saudi Arabia to effectively engage the OQN in their working environment to ensure successful communication, productive work and improved quality of life.
Methods: Prospective, qualitative, phenomenological study. We approached 23 OQNs. Our research tool was a qualitative interview assessing the contextual practice, accommodating to the Saudi culture, communication barriers and cultural differences. Thematic analyses were used as the data analysis technique.
Results: Two significant issues that affected the day-to-day professional practice of these nurses. The first was that the overall Saudi Islamic Culture was pervasive; and the second was that communication obstacles due to language barriers often presented insurmountable difficulties in their professional practice.
Conclusion: It appears that the language barrier is the pressing issue to be addressed by Arabic courses offered to OQNs in all hospitals. The areas of future research identified from the study include, exploring the views of hospital administrators to the challenges faced by OQNs, as well as the impact of these nurses on the quality of patient care. This links direct to the important area of strategies to increase the numbers of local Saudi nurses.
Bingol University, Turkey
Time : 09:35-10:10
Imran Aslan has completed his four years healthcare education as Emergency Medical Technician at Batman Health Vocational High School between the years 1996-2000. Moreover, he completed his Graduation in Industrial Engineering from Marmara University, Turkey in 2005. Furthermore, he has done his PhD at Atatürk University, Turkey. He has published more than 25 international articles.
The numbers of Chronic Kidney Failure (CKF) cases have increased dramatically in the last years in Turkey. For that reason, the causes of CKFs and costs related to treatment of CKF are being assessed to compare the types of treatments and to plan the necessary budget for future. Through this study, the aim is to view the success factors of CKF treatment and quantify the results by Decision Tools. Hypertension and Diabetics are main causes of CKF. In a past study carried out by (Aslan & Ozen, 2013) in Turkey, it was found that first three stages of CKF are generally ignored and attention is given to the last two stages of CKF kidneys not being able to perform their functions. In the first case study, the average cost for treatment of each patient and probabilities are drawn to estimate future costs. In the second case study, average lifespan, average parameters of important body signs and cost estimations under different conditions were presented based on the data of Turkish Society Nephrology (TNS) with sensitivity analysis. It is found that the most beneficial treatment method is Transplantation (TX), but it is not possible to find a donor for each patient in Turkey. The expected lifespan is higher for Haemodialysis (HD) patients but, Dialysis (PD) provides more flexibility than HD. The expected cost of a patient for his/her living years with HD is 160,933.04 TL/Life and the expected cost of a PD patient during the life span is 142, 730.67 TL/life.
Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals India
Keynote: Association analysis of 3’UTR gene polymorphisms of TLR4, NLRP3 and miRNA with chronic periodontitis in south Indian ethnicity
Time : 10:10-10:45
G Kaarthikeyan has completed his Post-graduation in Periodontics and Implantology from Saveetha Dental College in 2007. He has been working at Saveetha University as Faculty since 2007. He is currently working as Professor and Clinical Head at Saveetha Dental College. He has more than 30 publications in various national and international journals. He has presented papers and posters at various international conferences. He has delivered many guest lectures as well as invited speaker for many conferences. His area of research involves the role of genetics in inflammatory disease and regenerative periodontics. He is the Editor of upcoming journal- International journal of Periodontal Rehabilitation. He is reviewer of many indexed journals and Editorial Board Member of few journals.
Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of multifactorial etiology. Although gram negative anaerobes are essential in initiating the disease, many other factors determine the course and progression of the periodontal destruction. Among the various risk factors, the genetic component of the host plays a major role in periodontal destruction. The microbial agents are first screened by the pattern like receptors – Toll like receptors (TLR) and the signals are processed intracellularly by Nod like receptors - NLRP3. Thus, aim of the study was to analyze the association of 3’UTR polymorphisms of TLR4, NLRP3 gene and the micro RNAs regulating this region. The subjects were stratified into three groups - chronic periodontitis, aggressive periodontitis and controls. The sample size was 240. DNA extraction from blood samples was done and the polymorphisms were analyzed using real time PCR. The TLR4 (rs11536889), NLRP3 (rs10802501), miR-146a (rs2910164) were analyzed in this study.
National Institute for Biological Standards & Control (NIBSC), UK
Time : 11:05-11:40
Fatme Mawas is an Immunologist/Microbiologist and completed her PhD in 1995 at King’s College (London). She is working as a Principal Scientist and Group Leader in Division of Bacteriology at NIBSC with 19-years of experience in the quality control and standardization of conjugate vaccines against Haemophilus influenzae type b, animal models and vaccine immunology. She has over 29 refereed papers covering various aspects of assay development, standardization and R&D in the field of conjugate vaccines, vaccine candidates and novel delivery systems.
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) was a leading cause of meningitis in infants in the UK until October 1992, when Hib conjugate vaccine was introduced for children at age 2, 3, and 4 months. Quality control testing of the vaccine is very important to ensure the quality, safety and efficacy of the vaccine. Here, we describe our experience at the UK National Institute for Biological standards & Control in the testing and investigation of quality and efficacy of Hib vaccines in monovalent formulations and in combination with other vaccines such as meningococcal C or DTP-based combination vaccines.